Avodah Mailing List

Volume 40: Number 69

Wed, 19 Oct 2022

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Subjects Discussed In This Issue:
Message: 1
From: Joel Rich
Date: Wed, 12 Oct 2022 13:13:04 -0400
[Avodah] priorities

Pastor Timothy Keller
?Unless you love God the most, you will turn your children or spouse or job
into a kind of god that you will expect to completely fulfill you,? he
explains. This is a recipe for dissatisfaction, he adds, and often
alienates those we love by burdening them with unreasonable expectations.
Dr. Keller often quotes C.S. Lewis: ?Aim at heaven and you will get earth
?thrown in.? Aim at earth and you get neither.

Me- Do we reflect this? Should we?


joel rich
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Message: 2
From: Prof. L. Levine
Date: Fri, 14 Oct 2022 18:08:33 +0000
[Avodah] What to do with Israeli esrogim after Succos

The following is from Rabbi Eli Shulman, the rabbi of the Young Israel of Midwood in Brooklyn.

Date: Thu, 13 Oct 2022 11:27:55 PDT

Dear friends,

If you bought an Israeli esrog this year, be aware that it has special halachos because of shemittah.

In particular, after Succos it cannot simply be disposed of. Rather it must
be put away until after the time of ?????, that is, that time when there
are no longer esrogim growing on the trees in Israel, at which point the
esrog - if it is still edible - must be taken out of your home and declared

Since it is not at all clear when the time of ????? is - especially since
there's a tendency on the part of the farmers to remove the remaining
esrogim from the trees soon after Succos in order to promote the healthy
growth of new fruit - the following procedure is recommended:

Soon after Succos, bring your esrog to shul, put it down and  declare it
hefker (ownerless) in front of three people. Declare further that even if
you take it back home, you are not acquiring it and it remains hefker and
available for anyone to take and keep.

You can then take it home - having in mind not to acquire it - and leave it out.

Eventually it will shrivel up of its own accord at which point it can be wrapped up and disposed of.

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Message: 3
From: Cantor Wolberg
Date: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 07:57:02 -0400
[Avodah] Tehillim 118:27

I?ve always been interested in the concept of Isru Chag. There?s almost a mystical overtone. I see it as a reflection in the mirror. 

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Message: 4
From: Joel Rich
Date: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 07:07:42 -0400
[Avodah] hirhur kdibur?

When you add to the shmoneh esrai, do you articulate words or just think
thoughts? (eg do you actually say the words, ?please send a refuah shleimah
for Avraham ben Sarah?, or do you simply think those words or about that

Joel Rich
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Message: 5
From: Prof. L. Levine
Date: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 19:14:28 +0000
[Avodah] What is bishul Akum?

The following is from today's OU Kosher Halacha Yomis

A. Chazal forbade certain foods cooked by an aino-Yehudi. (In a future
Halacha Yomis we will discuss which foods are included in this
restriction.) Such food is known as bishul Akum. Rashi offers two reasons
for this decree. First to diminish fraternization, which might lead to
intermarriage (Rashi, Avoda Zara, 35b). Secondly, an aino-Yehudi may add
non-kosher ingredients to the food as it is being cooked. By requiring the
involvement of a Yehudi in the cooking process, the kosher integrity of the
food is more easily safeguarded (Rashi, Avoda Zara 38a).

It is clear from the Talmud that if a Jew contributes to the cooking
process, the food is treated as bishul Yisroel and not bishul Akum. What
level of Jewish involvement is necessary for the food to be permissible?
According to Rav Yosef Cairo (Shulchan Aruch YD 113:7), this participation
must consist of a Yisroel putting the food on the fire. Sefardim follow
this opinion. However, Ashkenazim follow the opinion of Rema that if a
Yisroel turns on the fire, or even adjusts the fire, this is considered
bishul Yisroel and the food may be eaten.

Professor Yitzchok Levine

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