Qitzur Shulchan Arukh – 185:2

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ב: מִצְוָה לָתֵת שְׂכַר פְּעֻלַּת שָׂכִיר בִּזְמַנּוֹ. וְאִם אֵחַר, עוֹבֵר בְּלֹֹא-תַעֲשֶׂה, שֶׁנֶאֱמַר, בְּיוֹמוֹ תִתֵּן שְׂכָרוֹ וְלֹא תָבוֹא עָלָיו הַשֶׁמֶשׁ. וּכְמוֹ כֵן מִצְוָה לָתֵת שְׂכַר בְּהֵמָה אוֹ כְלִי בִּזְמַנּוֹ. וְאִם אַחֲרוֹ, עוֹבֵר בְּלָאו, שֶנֶּאֱמַר, לֹא תַעֲשֹׁק שָׂכִיר עָנִי וְאֶבְיוֹן וְגוֹ’ בְּיוֹמוֹ תִתֵּן שְׂכָרוֹ. וְאֵיזֶהוּ זְמַנּוֹ. אִם כָּלְתָה הַמְּלָאכָה בַּיּוֹם, זְמַנּוֹ כָּל הַיּוֹם. וְאִם עָבַר הַיּוֹם וְלֹא נָתַן לוֹ, עוֹבֵר עַל בְּיוֹמוֹ תִתֵּן שְׂכָרוֹ וְלֹא תָבוֹא עָלָיו הַשֶׁמֶשׁ. וְאִם כָּלְתָה הַמְּלָאכָה לְאַחַר שֶׁיָצָא הַיוֹם וְנִכְנַס הַלַּיְלָה, זְמַנוֹ כָּל הַלָּיְלָה. עָבַר הַלַּיְלָה וְלֹא נָתַן לוֹ, עוֹבֵר עַל לֹא תָלִין פְּעֻלַת שָׂכִיר אִתְּךָ עַד-בֹּקֶר. וְכֵן שְׂכִיר שָׁבוּעַ, שְׂכִיר חֹדֶשׁ, שְׂכִיר שָׁנָה, יָצָא מִמְּלַאכְתּוֹ בַיוֹם, יֶשׁ לוֹ זְמָן כָּל הַיוֹם. יָצָא מִמְּלַאכְתּוֹ בַלַּיְלָה, יֶשׁ לוֹ זְמָן כָּל הַלַּיְלָה וְלֹא יוֹתֵר

It is a mitzvah to pay the wages of an employee on time, and if he delays, he violares a prohibition, as it says “on his day you shall pay his wages, and don’t let the some come upon him” [i.e. set while he is waiting].

Similarly, there is a mitzvah to pay rental on an animal or a utensil on its [proper] time. [The root \שׂכר\ means both hiring per time and rental.] And if it’s delayed, he violates a prohibition, as it says, “do not withhold the pay of the poor and indigent… in his day you shall pay his wages/fee.”

What is “its [proper] time”? If the work was comeplete during the day, its time is the entire day. If the day went past and he didn’t pay him, he violated “on his day you shall pay his wages, and don’t let the some come upon him”. And if  the work was completed after the day left [ended] and the night entered [started], its time is the entire night. If the[entire] night passes and he didn’t pay him, he violated “do not rest the work of a hire with you until the morning.” Similarly someone hired for the week, hired for the month, hired for the year — if he leaves his work during the day, he has the time of the entire day and if he leaves the work at night, he has the time of the entire night, and no more.

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